NASA GHRC Collaboration between NASA MSFC and The University of Alabama in Huntsville
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  • Measurements
  • Field Campaigns
    • Hurricane Science
      • GHRC has worked with NASA's Hurricane Science Research Program (HSRP) since the 1990's. We are the archive and distribution center for data collected during HSRP field campaigns, as well as the recent Hurricane Science and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) Earth Venture mission. Field campaigns provide for intensive observation of specific phenomena using a variety of instruments on aircraft, satellites and surface networks.

        GHRC also hosts a database of Atlantic and Pacific tropical storm tracks derived from the storm data published by the National Hurricane Center (NHC).
    • HS3 (2012-14)
      • Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) is an Earth Ventures – Suborbital 1 mission aimed at better understanding the physical processes that control hurricane intensity change, addressing questions related to the roles of environmental conditions and internal storm structures to storm intensification.

        A variety of in-situ, satellite observations, airborne data, meteorological analyses, and simulation data were collected with missions over the Atlantic in August and September of three observation years (2012, 2013, 2014). These data are available at GHRC beginning in 2015.
    • GRIP (2010)
      • The Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) experiment was a NASA Earth science field experiment in 2010 that was conducted to better understand how tropical storms form and develop into major hurricanes.

        The GRIP deployment was 15 August – 30 September 2010 with bases in Ft. Lauderdale, FL for the DC-8, at Houston, TX for the WB-57, and at NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility, CA for the Global Hawk.
    • TC4 (2007)
      • The NASA TC4 (Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling) mission investigated the structure and properties of the chemical, dynamic, and physical processes in atmosphere of the tropical Eastern Pacific.

        TC4 was based in San Jose, Costa Rica during July 2007.

        The Real Time Mission Monitor provided simultaneous aircraft status for three aircraft during the TC4 experiment. During TC4, the NASA ER-2, WB-57 and DC-8 aircraft flew missions at various times. The science flights were scheduled between 17 July and 8 August 2007.
    • NAMMA (2006)
      • The NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA) campaign was a field research investigation based in the Cape Verde Islands, 350 miles off the coast of Senegal in west Africa.

        Commenced in August 2006, NASA scientists employed surface observation networks and aircraft to characterize the evolution and structure of African Easterly Waves (AEWs) and Mesoscale Convective Systems over continental western Africa, and their associated impacts on regional water and energy budgets.
    • TCSP (2005)
      • The Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes (TCSP) mission was an Earth science field research investigation focused on the study of the dynamics and thermodynamics of precipitating cloud systems and tropical cyclones. TCSP was conducted during the period July 1-27, 2005 out of the Juan Santamaria Airfield in San Jose, Costa Rica.

        The TCSP field experiment flew 12 NASA ER-2 science flights, including missions to Hurricanes Dennis and Emily, Tropical Storm Gert and an eastern Pacific mesoscale complex that may possibly have further developed into Tropical Storm Eugene.
    • ACES (2002)
      • The Altus Cumulus Electrification Study (ACES) was aimed at better understanding the causes and effects of electrical storms.

        Based at the Naval Air Station Key West in Florida, researchers in August 2002 chased down thunderstorms using an uninhabited aerial vehicle, or "UAV", allowing them to achieve dual goals of gathering weather data safely and testing new aircraft technology. This marked the first time a UAV was used to conduct lightning research.
    • CAMEX-4 (2001)
      • The Convection And Moisture EXperiment (CAMEX) was a series of NASA-sponsored hurricane science field research investigations. The fourth field campaign in the CAMEX series (CAMEX-4) was held in 16 August - 24 September, 2001 and was based out of Jacksonville Naval Air Station, Florida.

        CAMEX-4 was focused on the study of tropical cyclone (hurricane) development, tracking, intensification, and landfalling impacts using NASA-funded aircraft and surface remote sensing instrumentation.
    • CAMEX-3 (1998)
      • The Convection And Moisture EXperiment (CAMEX) is a series of hurricane science field research investigations sponsored by NASA. The third field campaign in the CAMEX series (CAMEX-3) was based at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida from 6 August - 23 September, 1998.

        CAMEX-3 successfully studied Hurricanes Bonnie, Danielle, Earl and Georges, yielding data on hurricane structure, dynamics, and motion. CAMEX-3 collected data for research in tropical cyclone development, tracking, intensification, and landfalling impacts using NASA-funded aircraft and surface remote sensing instrumentation.
    • GPM Ground Validation
      • The NASA Global Precipitation Measurement Mission (GPM) Ground Validation (GV) program includes the following field campaigns:

        a) LPVEx, Gulf of Finland in autumn 2010, to study rainfall in high latitude environments

        b) MC3E, cental Oklahoma spring and early summer 2011, to develop a complete characterization of convective cloud systems, precipitation and the environment

        c) GCPEx, Ontario, Canada winter of 2011-2012, direct and remove sensing observations, and coordinated model simulations of precipitating snow.

        d) IFloodS, Iowa, spring and early summer 2013, to study the relative roles of rainfall quantities and other factors in flood genesis.

        e) IPHEx, N. Carolina Appalachians/Piedmont region May-June 2014, for hydrologic validation over varied topography.

        f) OLYMPEx, Washington's Olympic Peninsula scheduled November 2015-February 2016, for hydrologic validation in extreme coastal and topographic gradients
    • OLYMPEX (Upcoming)
      • The OLYMPEX field campaign is scheduled to take place between November, 2015, and February, 2016, on the Olympic Peninsula in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.

        This field campaign will provide ground-based validation support of the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) satellite program that is a joint effort between NASA and JAXA.

        As for all GPM-GV campaigns, the GHRC will provide a collaboration portal to help investigators exchange planning information and to support collection of real-time data as well as mission science, project and instrument status reports during the campaign.
    • IPHEx (2014)
      • The Integrated Precipitation and Hydrology Experiment (IPHEx) was conducted in North Carolina during the months of April-June, 2014.

        IPHEx sought to characterize warm season orographic precipitation regimes, and the relationship between precipitation regimes and hydrologic processes in regions of complex terrain.
    • IFLOODs (2013)
      • The Iowa Flood Studies (IFloodS) experiment was conducted in the central to northeastern part of Iowa in Midwestern United States during the months of April-June, 2013.

        IFloodS' primary goal was to discern the relative roles of rainfall quantities such as rate and accumulation as compared to other factors (e.g. transport of water in the drainage network) in flood genesis.
    • GCPEX (2011-2012)
      • The GPM Cold-season Precipitation Experiment (GCPEx) occurred in Ontario, Canada during the winter season (Jan 15- Feb 26) of 2011-2012.

        GCPEx addressed shortcomings in GPM snowfall retrieval algorithm by collecting microphysical properties, associated remote sensing observations, and coordinated model simulations of precipitating snow. Collectively the GCPEx data set provides a high quality, physically-consistent and coherent data set suited to the development and testing of GPM snowfall retrieval algorithm physics.
    • MC3E (2011)
      • The Mid-latitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) took place in central Oklahoma during the April–June 2011 period.

        The overarching goal was to provide the most complete characterization of convective cloud systems, precipitation, and the environment that has ever been obtained, providing constraints for model cumulus parameterizations and space-based rainfall retrieval algorithms over land that had never before been available.
    • LPVEx (2010)
      • The Light Precipitation Evaluation Experiment (LPVEx) took place in the Gulf of Finland in September and October, 2010 and collected microphysical properties, associated remote sensing observations, and coordinated model simulations of high latitude precipitation systems to drive the evaluation and development of precipitation algorithms for current and future satellite platforms.

        In doing so, LPVEx sought to address the general lack of dedicated ground-validation datasets from the ongoing development of new or improved algorithms for detecting and quantifying high latitude rainfall
  • Projects
    • HS3 Suborbital Mission
      • Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) is an Earth Ventures – Suborbital 1 mission aimed at better understanding the physical processes that control hurricane intensity change, addressing questions related to the roles of environmental conditions and internal storm structures to storm intensification.
      • DISCOVER was funded by NASA’s MEaSUREs program to provide highly accurate, multi-decadal geophysical products derived from satellite microwave sensors.
    • LIS Mission
      • Lightning observations from the Lightning Imaging Sensors (LIS) aboard the NASA’s TRMM satellite and International Space Station, as well as airborne observations and ground validation data.
    • SANDS
      • The SANDS project addressed Gulf of Mexico Alliance priority issues by generating enhanced imagery from MODIS and Landsat data to identify suspended sediment resulting from tropical cyclones. These tropical cyclones have significantly altered normal coastal processes and characteristics in the Gulf region through sediment disturbance.
      • The Land, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE) system provides access to near real-time data (less than 3 hours from observation) from AIRS, AMSR2, MLS, MODIS, and OMI instruments. LANCE AMSR2 products are generated by the AMSR Science Investigator-led Processing System at the GHRC.
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Guide Documents

Dataset PI Documents

Dataset Software

CAMEX-4 MIPS Surface Station 1

Table of Contents

Instrument description
Data Products
Data Format
Contact Information


The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) Mobile Integrated Profiling System (MIPS) includes a 915 MHz Doppler profiler, lidar ceilometer, 12 channel microwave profiling radiometer, Doppler Sodar, Radio Acoustic Sounding System (RASS), Field Mills, and surface observing stations.

This dataset consists of data from Surface Station One containing multiple instruments including an anemometer, rain gauge, thermometer, pyranometer and barometer. Information,collected at 1Hz, includes windspeed and direction as well as precipitation, temperature/humidity, solar radiation, and atmospheric pressure.

Instrument Description

The Young wind monitor measures horizontal wind speeds and direction. It is made of light weight UV stabilized plastic, is very rugged, is resistant to corrosion. Windpseed is measured in the range of 0 to 60 m/s (0-130mph), and can survive gust to 100 m/s(220mph).

The temperature/humidity probe contains a Platinum Resistance Temperature detector, and a Vaisala Humicap 180 capacitive relative humidity sensor. The instrument is enclosed in a shield with a fan that pulls air through to keep the sensor dry in rainy conditions. The operating temperature is -40C - +60C.

The Vaisala PTB210 Digital Barometer is a robust instrument that works well in highly variable temperature conditions. It is constructed of light weight materials, and is corrosion resistant. The instrument will measure pressures from 500 to 1300 hPa, with an accuracy of +- .30 hPA at 20 C, and makes use of a static pressure head to minimize the errors caused by variations in wind speed and direction. The operating temperature range is from -40 to +60 C.

The Eppley PSP (or simply Eppley Pyranometer) is an instrument for the measurement of radiation in the range approximately between 285 and 2800 nm. This wavelength range is commonly referred to as shortwave radiation, and it’s primary source is the sun.

The RG-600 tipping bucket rain gauge measures rainfall rates up to 2 inches per hour with and accuracy of (+/- ) 1%. A tip occurs with each .01 inch of rainfall.

Data Products

Data is collected approximately every second, and is stored in tabular form (an example of which is shown below). Data includes date/time of observation, pressure, temperature, relative humidity, mean wind direction and speed, standard deviation of wind direction, rainfall (from both rain gauges) and insolation. The first line of the data below defines each column value.

Data Format

Data is in a comma delimited data file. A data file is created for each daily (mission) and is of the form:


where c4gmipss1 represents CAMEX4 ground station MIP surface station #1, 2001.ddd is the four digit year and day of year followed by sfc1 for surface station #1.

These data may be imported into a spreadsheet, and an example of such an extraction is shown below.

NOTE: The column headers are not included with the data, and are included here for your edification.

Program Year D.of. Yr. hhmm Bar_kPa T (oC) %RH WS m/s mean WS Wind Dir s wind dir rain1 mm rain2 mm W/m2
101 2001 229 1517 54.25 102.1 32.028 66.588 3.332 3.332 162.47 0 0 0 0.9349
101 2001 229 1517 55.25 102.11 31.961 66.723 2.94 2.9389 169.83 1.5889 0 0 0.9476
101 2001 229 1517 56.25 102.1 31.928 66.958 2.744 2.7332 161.79 5.084 0 0 0.95118
101 2001 229 1517 57.25 102.11 31.978 67.092 2.548 2.5466 154.06 1.9026 0 0 0.95279
101 2001 229 1517 58.25 102.11 31.961 67.193 2.744 2.73 150.74 5.779 0 0 0.95386
101 2001 229 1517 59.25 102.11 31.978 67.361 2.842 2.8414 146.1 1.1895 0 0 0.95046
101 2001 229 1518 0.25 102.11 32.012 67.159 3.038 3.0343 154.39 2.8235 0 0 0.94939
101 2001 229 1518 1.25 102.1 32.012 67.26 3.332 3.3278 151.3 2.8701 0 0 0.95064
101 2001 229 1518 2.25 102.1 31.978 66.622 3.43 3.4113 149.84 5.9821 0 0 0.94742
101 2001 229 1518 3.25 102.1 32.012 65.749 3.038 3.0366 159.22 1.7639 0 0 0.95046
101 2001 229 1518 4.25 102.1 31.944 65.883 3.332 3.329 158.12 2.4429 0 0 0.95154
101 2001 229 1518 5.25 102.1 31.978 65.749 3.038 3.0184 133.49 6.5034 0 0 0.94545
101 2001 229 1518 6.25 102.1 31.961 65.715 2.744 2.7417 134.94 2.3273 0 0 0.94027
101 2001 229 1518 7.25 102.1 31.961 66.051 2.646 2.6338 154 5.5051 0 0 0.94062
101 2001 229 1518 8.25 102.11 31.961 66.488 2.646 2.6329 145.93 5.6926 0 0 0.94295
101 2001 229 1518 9.25 102.1 31.995 66.353 2.352 2.3494 145.1 2.6717 0 0 0.93955
101 2001 229 1518 10.25 102.1 31.995 66.521 2.352 2.3521 148.01 0 0 0 0.93901
101 2001 229 1518 11.25 102.11 32.028 66.387 2.254 2.2534 137.53 1.2828 0 0 0.93776

Contact Information

The data producer is:

Dr. Kevin Knupp
320 Sparkman Dr.
Huntsville, AL  35805

To order these data or for further information, please contact:

Global Hydrology Resource Center
User Services
320 Sparkman Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone: 256-961-7932




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