Instrument Table

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Instruments

Instrument PI's:  Please provide or update information for your instrument and datasets by completing the GRIP Dataset Instrument Survey

 

DC-8 Instruments
Instrument Name Acronym Investigators Type Product Description
Airborne Second Generation Precipitation Radar APR-2

PI:
Steve Durden, JPL

Co-I:
Simone Tanelli,
Ziad Haddad,
JPL

13/35-GHz dual-frequency Doppler radar

Direct: Lag-0 and lag-1 raw data at 13 and 35 GHz, co- and cross-pol. 

 Derived:
HH (co-pol) radar reflectivity at 13 and 35 GHz
Linear Depolarization Ratio (LDR) at 13 and 35 GHz
Vertical Doppler velocity profiles at 13 and 35 GHz

For selected cases
• Vertical air motion
• Rainfall rate
• Drop-size distribution mean size (or equivalent)

Cloud Aerosol and Precipitation Spectrometer   CAPS

PI:
Andrew Heymsfield, NCAR

Aaron Bansemer, NCAR

Spectrometer + Imaging Probe

Direct: aerosol particle properties, particle size distribution
Cloud Spectrometer and Impactor CSI Impactor

Direct: total cloud liquid water/ice

Precipitation and Imaging Probe PIP Imaging Probe

Direct: particle size distribution

Derived products of CAPS-CSI-PIP:
Extinction, effective radius, mean/median cloud particle diameter, ice/liquid water content, radar reflectivity

Doppler Aerosol WiNd lidar DAWN

PI:
Michael J. Kavaya,
NASA LaRC

CO-I:
Robert M. Atlas, NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML)

Jeffrey Y. Beyon,
Grady J. Koch,
Upendra N. Singh,
Bo C. Trieu,
Jirong Yu,
NASA  LaRC

G.David Emmitt,Simpson Weather Associates

Doppler Lidar

Direct: Backscattered light frequency vs. time/range 

Derived:
Vertical profiles of u, v, and w components of 3-D wind in the region below the aircraft.  Various vertical and horizontal resolutions are possible.

Vertical profiles of LOS wind for the five (5) azimuth angles.

Vertical profiles of relative aerosol backscatter (at 2-microns wavelength and circularly polarized light and 30-deg nadir angle), in the region below the aircraft, for the five (5) azimuth angles.

Vertical profiles of wind turbulence in the region below the aircraft, for the five (5) azimuth angles.

Correlations of the data products vs. height.

DC-8 Dropsonde Dropsonde

PI:
Jeff Halverson,
NASA GSFC

Radiosonde

Direct:
Vertical profiles of pressure, temperature, humidilty, and wind

Langley Aerosol Research Group Experiment LARGE

PI:
Bruce Anderson,
Gao Chen,
NASA LaRC

Co-I:
Jack Dibb,
University of New Hampshire

Thanos Nenes,
Georgia Tech

Jason Dunion,
Robert Black,
NOAA HRD

In situ aerosol sensors including condensation nuclei counters, optical particle spectrometers, an aerodynamic particle sizer, multi-wavelength particle-soot absorption photometers, and integrating nephelometers

Direct:
Condensation Nuclei
Aerosol Particle Size
Cloud Condensation Nuclei Spectra
Scattering Humidity  
Dependence
Absorption at 405, 532, and 781 nm
Scattering at 450, 550, and 700 nm
Black Carbon Mass, Size
Soluble Ion Composition

Derived:
In Flight (to DC-8 data system)
*Scattering coefficient
* Particle number density
* Displays of size distributions and other parameters

Field Archive (<24 hrs)
* Optical Properties: scattering, absorption, SSA, Angstrom exponents, etc.
* Particle number densities, surface areas, and volumes over 5 discreet size ranges
* CCN at single saturation

Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment

LASE

PI:
Syed Ismail, NASA LaRC

Co-I:
Richard Ferrare, Johnathan Hair
NASA LaRC

Lidar

Direct: Water vapor mixing ratio, aerosol scattering ratio, and cloud distributions.

Derived:
Relative humidity, precipitable water vapor profiles, aerosol backscatter, aerosol extinction, and aerosol optical thickness profiles (815 nm).

Meteorological Measurement System MMS

PI:
Paul Bui
NASA ARC

CO-I:
Cecilia Chang & Jonathan Dean-Day,
Bay Area Environment Research Institute (BAERI)

In situ sampling

Direct:
DGPS Positions;
Velocities;
Accelerations;
Pitch, Roll;
Heading;
Angle-of-Attack;
Angle-of-Sideslip;
Dynamic Total Pressures;
Total Temperatures

Derived:
Static pressure;
Static temperature;
Three-dimensional wind vector;
Potential Temperature;
True-Air-Speed;
Turbulence

Click on the instrument "Name" for more detailed information

 

Global Hawk Instruments
Instrument Name Acronym Investigators Type Product Description
Global Hawk Dropsonde Dropsonde

PI:
Gary Wick,
NOAA ESRL

CO-I:
Michael Black,
NOAA HRD

Dropsonde

Direct:
Wind, temperature, pressure and relative humidity

Derived:
Vertical wind (from dropsonde fall speed), dropsonde location (directly from GPS or from integrating the winds using the aircraft location.

JPL High Altitude MMIC Sounding Radiometer HAMSR

PI:
Bjorn Lambrigtsen,
JPL

Co-I:
Shannon Brown, JPL

Microwave Radiometer

Direct: Brightness temperatures

Derived: Vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor, liquid water

High-Altitude Imaging Wind and Rain Airborne Profiler

HIWRAP

PI
Gerald Heymsfield, NASA

CO-I:
Liua Li,
GSFC

James Carswell, Remote Sensing Systems (RSS)

Doppler Radar

Direct:
Reflectivity
Doppler
Surface wind speed, direction
Horizontal. wind speed/direction in precip/cloud regions
Vertical Wind
Precipitation Rate

Derived:
Reflectivity CAPPI’s
Nadir vector wind profile
Wind vectors on CAPPI’s
Ocean surface winds

Lightning Instrument Package LIP

PI: 
Rich Blakeslee,
NASA MSFC

Co-I:
Monte Bateman,
Universities Space Research Association

Doug Mach,
UAHuntsville

Electric field mills, Conductivity Probe

Direct: Lightning, electric fields, air conductivity

Derived: Electric current (especial storm electric current) derived by combining electric fields and conductivity measurements.

Click on the instrument "Name" for more detailed information

 

WB-57 Instruments
Instrument Name Acronym Investigators Type Product Description
Hurricane Imaging Radiometer HIRAD

PI:
Timothy Miller, NASA/MSFC

Co-I:
Eric Uhlhorn, NOAA HRD

Chris Ruf, University of Michigan

Linwood Jones, University of Central Florida (UCF)

Mark James, NASA/MSFC
(Lead Engineer)

Radiometer

Direct: Brightness temperature at 4, 5, 6, and 6.6 GHz

Derived:
Ocean surface wind speed, and rain rate

Click on the instrument "Name" for more detailed information

 

 

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